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CEQ Working Paper No 26 (Spanish): El Impacto de los Impuestos y el Gasto Social en la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en El Salvador


El Impacto de los Impuestos y el Gasto Social en la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en El Salvador
Working Paper No. 26

A working document by:
Margarita Beneke
José Andrés Oliva
Fundación Salvadoreña para el Desarrollo Económico y Social, FUSADES
Nora Lustig
Tulane University

Abstracto
Desarrollamos un ejercicio de incidencia fiscal para estimar el efecto de los impuestos, el gasto social y los subsidios en la desigualdad y la pobreza en El Salvador, utilizando la metodología del proyecto “Compromiso por la Equidad”. Los impuestos son progresivos, pero dado su tamaño, el impacto es limitado. Las transferencias directas se concentran en hogares pobres pero su presupuesto es pequeño por lo que su incidencia es limitada; una porción significativa de los subsidios llegan a hogares en los deciles superiores de ingreso, por lo que, aunque su presupuesto es mayor, su impacto es pequeño. El componente que tiene el mayor efecto sobre la desigualdad es el gasto de educación y salud. Como resultado, la incidencia de la política fiscal es limitada y resulta pequeña al comparar con otros países con nivel similar de ingreso por habitante. En este sentido, hay espacio para mejorar con los recursos actuales.

Access the Working Document here:
Updated June, 2015
El Impacto de los Impuestos y el Gasto Social en la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en El Salvador

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Following a summer of turbulent immigration relations in the United States, the Fall 2018 Equity Speaker Panel will focus on immigration on our Southern border and will feature specialists whose experiences vary from grassroots to professorial work. Panelists will include Josiah Heyman, Director of the Center for Inter-American and Border Studies, Ronald Martinez, New Orleans immigrant activist and spokesperson for the Congress of Day Laborers, Hiroko Kusuda, Clinical Professor and Director of Immigration Law at the Smith Law Clinic and Center for Social Justice at Loyola, and Laila Hlass, Clinical Professor of Law at Tulane Law School and the Stone Center for Latin American Studies.

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Cover photo from CNN story What the US-Mexico border looks like before Trump’s wall.